Caledon Natural Area
King George, VA

Park size: 2,579 acres

Caledon Natural Area is located on what was the early colonial seat of the Alexander family. John and Philip Alexander founded the city of Alexandria and established Caledon Plantation in 1659. William A. Smoot inherited the property from the Alexander family in the mid 1800s. In 1974, Caledon was donated to the Commonwealth by Mrs. Ann Hopewell Smoot in memory of her late husband, Lewis E. Smoot, who passed away in 1962. After the importance of Caledon to the summering eagle population was noted in 1981, Gov. Charles S. Robb appointed the Caledon Task Force to develop the area's management plan. The task force was successful in creating a no-boating zone off the shores of the Potomac River at Caledon. Continued eagle research, development of nature trails and limiting public access in eagle-sensitive areas and buffer zones were among the other recommendations of the plan.

Caledon provides visitors the unique opportunity of viewing bald eagles in their natural habitat. Caledon and the surrounding areas are the summer home for one of the largest concentrations of bald eagles on the East Coast.

No overnight facilities available but group camping can be arranged by permit with park.

Five hiking trails in the natural area are open year-round and take park visitors through environmentally sensitive marshlands and picturesque wooded areas of the park.

Located in the Smoot House, the visitor center features exhibits on the bald eagle and on the park's history. Environmental education facilities are available for school groups and research. Exhibits depicting representative habitats of Caledon and covering the park's ongoing resource management activities are free to the public. Open Wednesday through Sunday, Memorial Day through Labor Day.

Eagle tours, Junior Rangers night hikes, conducted walks, astronomy, storytelling, bonfire programs, birdwatching and crafts - some fees required. Eagle tour - Caledon offers limited tours of the eagle areas from mid June to September. An orientation to eagles is given by a park interpreter. Binoculars and sighting scopes are available.

Caledon Natural Area
11617 Caledon Road
King George, VA 22485
Phone: (540) 663-3861

LOCATION: Caledon is located in King George County between Fairview Beach and Owens, 23 miles east of Fredericksburg on Route 218. From Fredericksburg, take 218 East for 23 miles. Caledon is on the left. Or you may take Rt. 3 east 18 miles to a left onto Rt. 206 for six miles, then turn left onto Rt. 218 and go about one mile; Caledon is on the right. From U.S. 301 (MD), turn right onto Rt. 206 for four miles to Rt. 218, then west about one mile.

Learn more about park offerings by calling 1-800-933-PARK or email

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